6 most common Depression Types

Depression is more than just a feeling of disappointment and sadness when these feelings of grief become recurrent throughout the day; that’s when the problem begins.


Several different depression types are caused either due to the occurrence of certain life events or due to chemical changes in the brain. More than 16.2 million US adults suffer from depression. And more than 300 million people are affected worldwide.


Depression symptoms include:

  • Feeling sad for an extended period

  • Frustration

  • A feeling of being worthless

  • Loss of interest in daily activities

  • Lack of energy

  • Disturbed sleeping pattern


TYPES OF DEPRESSION

There are different types of depression, and the symptoms for each can range from minor to severe. Therefore it is always advisable to refer to a mental health specialist to know what kind of depression one is going through.


1) Major Depression

It is also called a major depressive disorder, clinical depression, or only as depression. If a person always feels sad and experiences a continuous lack of interest for more than two weeks, then he might be suffering from significant depression. At least 6.7 percent of US adults have one major depressive episode in a given year.


Some of its symptoms include:

  • Weight loss or gain

  • Irritability

  • Thoughts of suicide

  • Unable to stay focus

  • Lack of energy

  • Feeling worthless

  • Feeling restless

  • Either sleeping too much or too less


2) Dysthymia (Persistent Depressive Disorder)

Dysthymia is a chronic mental health condition that interferes with the daily functioning of a person and makes it difficult to stay happy even during a joyous situation. It is not as severe as major depression, but it remains for an extended period. About 1.5 percent of US adults experience it in a given year.


Some of its symptoms include:

  • Low self-esteem

  • Change in appetite

  • Sleeping too much

  • Trouble in concentrating

  • Angry

  • Irritated

  • Lost of interest


3) Postpartum Depression (Peripartum Depression)

Postpartum depression is a feeling of anxiety and sadness, attributed to drastic hormonal change, that a mother experiences post-childbirth. Baby blues are common, and they can last for a week or two. When this feeling of sadness and anxiety stays for several weeks, then it may be postpartum depression. One in seven mothers experiences this.


Some of its symptoms include:

  • Social withdrawal

  • Trouble bonding with the child

  • Suicidal thoughts

  • Appetite changes

  • Feeling depressed for several weeks

  • Feeling helpless

  • Irritability

  • Lack of energy

  • Having panic attacks


4) Manic Depression (Bipolar Disorder)

Manic depression is a mental condition that causes fluctuations in a person’s moods. The moods range from feeling suicidal to feeling extremely happy. These mood fluctuations can occur in every week or twice a year. It significantly affects a person’s ability to work. Sometimes a person’s conditions become so extreme that they are required to be hospitalized. About 2.8 percent of US adults are affected by it.


Some of its symptoms include:

  • Disorganization

  • Indecision

  • Insomnia

  • Fatigue

  • Hopelessness

  • Anxiety


5) Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is a type of depression that happens due to change in the seasons. If a person experiences depression, weight gain during winters but feels all right during summers, then he might be suffering from SAD. It can be diagnosed when a person ex[eriences the same symptoms during winters for a couple of years. It is related to variation in light exposure in different seasons. About 5 percent of US adults are affected by it.


Some of its symptoms include:

  • Oversleeping

  • Lack of energy

  • Weight gain

  • Cravings for carbohydrates


6) Psychotic Depression

When people suffering from depression also lose touch with reality and experience psychosis hallucinations and delusions, then they might be suffering from psychotic depression. People with psychotic depression see and hear things that do not exist and feel paranoid about everything. It affects about 1 in 13 people whole worldwide


Some of its symptoms include:

  • Hallucinations

  • Delusions

  • Anti-social

  • Depression


DEPRESSION CLINICAL TRIALS AT CMB MEDICAL TRIAL

Convincing people to participate in paid clinical trials can be complicated. Several factors can influence the decision to participate in a clinical trial, the most prominent being whether you wish to contribute to the advancement of medications.


Your participation in a clinical trial does not only benefit other patients and prospect treatments for several diseases, but you can also get early access to medicines that are not yet available for the general public. You are also financially compensated for your time and effort.


Your participation in a clinical trial can help in medical advancement, and clinical research studies cannot be conducted without you. If you are someone living with depression, then you can participate in clinical trials at CMB in California.

References:

1. BeyondBlue

2. PSYCOM

3. verywellmind

4. Photo credit- Photo by Eric Ward on Unsplash

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