Schizophrenia is described as a mental disorder in which a person finds it difficult to distinguish between true and false. It affects a person’s ability to think clearly and rationally. A person who has schizophrenia finds it challenging to perform even simple daily tasks.
There are different schizophrenia types based on the various symptoms experienced by the person, which are diagnosed by medical health professionals. The main types of schizophrenia can be described as:
1. Paranoid Schizophrenia
It is characterized by positive symptoms of schizophrenia, hallucinations, and delusions. It makes it difficult for a person to tell the difference between real and unreal. People who have paranoid schizophrenia may not appear odd and are not always ready to discuss the symptoms of their condition. The hallucinations and delusions are the main characteristics, and they remain consistent over the period.
Symptoms: It can be marked by other signs as well:
Difficulty in focusing
Have trouble remembering things
Hallucinations and delusions are the positive symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia that cannot go unnoticed. After the prodromal phase, the patient may likely go through cognitive symptoms.
Medication: Psychotherapy a necessary form of treatment for schizophrenia. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is helpful for the patients to develop social skills, alleviate anxiety and symptoms of depression, to improve relationships with family and friends. Coordinated Specialty Care (CSC) is also a treatment of schizophrenia. It includes a team of mental health professionals to perform and provide family support education, medication management.
2. Childhood Schizophrenia:
Childhood schizophrenia is a rare spectrum of schizophrenia disorder. Hallucinations, disorganized speech, and delusions characterize it. Schizophrenia in children can be defined by activities such as ignoring personal hygiene and being emotionless. Early-onset of it can occur at the age of 13 to 18 years. With the current prevalence rate, it affects about 1 in 10000 children, and it happens more in boys than in girls.
Symptoms: The signs and symptoms of schizophrenia in children are somewhat the same as the symptoms in the adult with the disease.
Poor school performance
Medication: It should be treated by consulting a child psychiatrist who has experience in childhood schizophrenia. Because it is a rare kind of disorder, therefore, a knowledgable psychiatrist can diagnose it quickly. There are various kinds of therapies and skill training available for childhood schizophrenia. Antipsychotic medication is also a choice of treatment.
3. Cationic Schizophrenia:
Disturbance in moments can be seen as its clinical features. People affected by catatonic schizophrenia may experience a dramatic reduction in their activity, to a stretch that their spontaneous moment stop. Likewise, there is a dramatic increase in their activity. Cationic schizophrenia is a kind of behavior syndrome which if left untreated, can cause serious health issues.
It can also affect people suffering from depression, bipolar disorder, and autism. Its symptoms can vary widely, which makes the diagnosis of it difficult. If it is diagnosed correctly, it can be treated rapidly and effectively.
Resistance in physical strength
Stupor like condition
Medications: The most effective treatment of cationic schizophrenia is medications. If in some cases, these medications are not sufficient, then electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is also proven effective.
4. Schizoaffective disorder:
It is a mental disorder, and it is different from schizophrenia, but it has combined symptoms of schizophrenia and mood disorder. It includes loss of touch with reality like getting hallucinations and delusions and feeling depressed and maniac. It can also be categorized into different subtypes based on what a person is experiencing hallucinations or mood disorders.
Symptoms: Its different symptoms include:
Delusions or hallucinations
Disturbance in sleep
Trouble in concentrating
Medications: The treatment may depend upon various symptoms. Different types of treatments are available for treating schizoaffective disorder.
Medication management includes antidepressants and antipsychotic medications
Psychotherapy includes individual cognitive behavioral therapy and family-focused group therapies, which help the patients to cope up with it.
Life skills training helps in reducing social isolation and helps to improve the quality of life.
SCHIZOPHRENIA CLINICAL TRIALS AT CMB MEDICAL TRIAL:
5.1 percent of men and 5.6 percent of women face a significant risk of early death. The suicide rate is 10 to 13 percent higher in schizophrenia patients than the general population.
CMBH is regularly researching to find out prompt and effective methods to treat Schizophrenia. We are also in the process of testing new approaches to detect, prevent, and treat Schizophrenia.
People who have Schizophrenia can participate in paid clinical trials conducted by CMB. As a participant, they will be contributing to finding new and better medications to help prospect patients and the overall advancement of modern medicines.