1) WHAT IS ANXIETY?
It is the most common mental health disorder in the US, which affects around 40 million adults - almost 1 in 5 people. Globally, nearly 300 million people live with an anxiety disorder.
Anxiety is a category of mental health issues that causes feelings of worry, nervousness, and fear. In this, you can experience a fear of the coming future without any particular reason. However, anxiety is more prominent than feeling worried or stressed.
You can feel anxious all the time, and these anxious feelings don’t go away easily. It is a severe condition that interrupts with your everyday activities. Everyone in their life experiences some anxious feelings once or more, but for some people, these are hard to cope up with.
2) ANXIETY DISORDERS
The duration of anxious feelings can sometimes last longer than the feelings of stress. It can also lead to an increase in blood pressure. It’s normal to feel worried about starting a new job or moving to a new place. Sometimes these feelings can make you feel weak and infirm.
There are different ways you can experience anxiety. It is always advisable to consult a doctor or visit a clinical trial. If left untreated, the anxiety can get worse. The anxiety disorder can be treated, but only 36.9 percent of people who experience it end up getting the treatment.
Some general anxiety disorders are:
Generalized Anxiety Disorder:
People suffering from Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) go through regular and uncontrollable anxiety or worry. You can worry about several different things, such as work, health, and the everyday routine of your life for an extended period. Two different people having GAD can experience different problems. It affects about 6.8 percent of US adults.
People with panic disorder experience unexpected panic attacks. You can be so afraid of having a panic attack that you can end up getting one. You always live in constant fear without any particular cause. During the anxiety attack, people experience sweating, heart palpitation, trembling, or shaking. It affects about 6 million US adults.
Social anxiety disorder:
People with social anxiety disorder can feel anxious during social situations such as parties, social gatherings, etc. You can experience a constant fear of embarrassing situations and getting negative judgments from everyone. It affects about 15 million US adults.
It means having an excessive fear of a particular situation (social situations) or an object (sharp objects). It affects about 19 million US adults.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD):
It means having repetitive irrational thoughts that lead to repetitive behavior or actions. It affects about 2.2 million US adults.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD):
It means having anxiety problems after going through a traumatic experience. Experiencing flashbacks is a common symptom of PTSD. It affects about 7.7 million US adults.
3) THE MOST COMMON ANXIETY SYMPTOMS
Symptoms of anxiety can vary from individual to individual. Some of the anxiety symptoms are listed below:
Increase in the heart rate
Feeling restless and being on the edge
Having a sense of danger, fear
Not able to sleep
Having panic attacks
Feeling weak or tired
Having problem in concentrating
Headache or backache
4) THE CAUSES OF ANXIETY
It is difficult to define the exact cause of anxiety, but there are lots of factors that contribute to causing stress. These elements are:
Environmental factors, such as not being able to work, having problems in a relationship, having some family issues.
Genetics factor, genetics also play a great role in anxiety; if anyone in the family has an anxiety disorder, chances are other members might also experience it.
Medical factors, such as heart disease, diabetes, drug misuse, chronic pain, can lead to anxiety.
Hormonal disbalance can also be the cause of feeling anxiety.
Sometimes past or childhood experiences can be the cause of anxiety.
Exhaustion or a build-up of stress, long working hours, feeling under pressure in work, homelessness, or loneliness, losing someone close to you can also cause anxiety.
5) HOW TO TREAT ANXIETY?
Various treatments are available for treating anxiety disorder. Anxiety is generally treated with psychotherapy and medication. A person should only choose that treatment, which is best for him.
Psychotherapy: Talk therapy helps people with anxiety disorder. For psychotherapy to be effective, it must be according to the person’s needs.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy(CBT) is a kind of psychotherapy that helps people with anxiety. It is a therapy in which you can learn different ways to behave, react to different anxiety-causing situations. It also helps in improving the social skills of the people, which is essential for treating social anxiety disorder.
Medication: Medication is not the proper cure for anxiety disorder, but it can help in relieving its symptoms. The most common medicines available for curing anxiety are anti-anxiety drugs (such as benzodiazepines), and beta-blockers.
Anxiety Clinical trials at CMB medical trial
Convincing people to participate in clinical trials can be complicated. Several factors can influence the decision to participate in a clinical trial, the most prominent being whether you wish to contribute to the advancement of medications.
Your participation in a clinical trial does not only benefit other patients and prospect treatments for several diseases, but you can also get early access to medicines that are not yet available for the general public. You are also financially compensated for your time and effort.
Your participation in a clinical trial can help in medical advancement, and clinical research studies cannot be conducted without you. If you are someone living with Anxiety, then you can participate in Anxiety clinical trials, Colton.