Most people can relate to the emotions of hysteria. Your muscles tense, butterflies invade your stomach, and therefore the rapid beating of your heart tells you that you’re not calm. And that’s normal. Where would we be if seriously dangerous situations like dark alleys within the dark didn’t give us the heebie-jeebies? And would we take important tasks very seriously if we didn’t get nervous in the spotlight, like when giving a presentation at work?
But there are times when our anxiety gets within the way of our everyday functioning. It can ruin our health, relationships, work, and fun activities. It’s not hard to imagine the pain of being suffering from constant worries. But sometimes, anxiety and anxiety-related processes can show up in additional unusual ways.
The (DSM-5) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 5th Edition, is the American Psychiatric Association’s official list of psychological disorders. It’s an enormous bible detailing all disorders and their categorizations.
The Anxiety Disorders section got a considerable makeover within the last 2013 update. It’s now split into a couple of different sections, including Trauma and Stress-Related Disorders and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders. A couple of less common disorders got shuffled around, and a few got new names, but experts still agree that the road between categories is blurry at best. Overlapping and associated with a number of the foremost common anxiety disorders, like generalized mental disorder and social disorders, are some that aren’t so familiar to the public.
Below is anxiety-related disorders list with rare and little-known disorders. They’re rare, except for those that have them; they’re genuine and disruptive.
1. Selective Mutism
If you’re a lover of the Big Bang Theory, you’ll have already got some idea about selective mutism. Raj, the beloved astrophysicist at CalTech, speaks perfectly fine except when it involves lectures and women. This character represents selective mutism. In this anxiety-related disorder, someone consistently fails to talk in certain situations despite having the ability to speak in others.
This disorder is typically found in childhood, often starting between the ages of two and 5 when children attend daycare or preschool for the first time and don’t seem to be ready to talk outside of their home. It’s a reasonably rare disorder, occurring in but 1 percent of youngsters, but children usually grow out of it.
How selective mutism is treated:
The Big Bang Theory represents a small percentage of adults with any symptoms of selective mutism. The treatment with the strongest scientific support is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy—a structured, hands-on, short-term treatment that aims to vary the person’s behaviors and thought patterns. For teenagers with selective mutism, a therapist can help them to figure up a ladder from their easiest to hardest speaking situations by giving much encouragement and praise.
2. Body dysmorphic disorder
Michael Jackson featured a complicated story and a controversial legacy. Regardless of your opinion of him, you’ll not know that some experts believe he may have had symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). It is often a mental disorder where someone is extremely preoccupied with a facet of their appearance that they believe is flawed, albeit others don’t provide it reconsideration.
Someone affected by BDD spends a lot of time and energy fixated on the perceived appearance flaw, trying to vary it, covering it up, or getting others’ reassurance about it. It can cause problems for people because they’re spending hours altering their appearance. They’ll avoid socializing or let their anxiety about their perceived deformity get within the way of their relationships.
Sometimes, an individual with body dysmorphic disorder gets cosmetic surgery to repair the perceived deformity. Seven to fifteen percent of individuals who get facelift have BDD.
Michael Jackson appeared to have engaged during a sizable amount of surgeries that drastically changed his appearance, which is why some believe he was handling undiagnosed BDD.
How body dysmorphic disorder is treated:
Changing the appearance isn’t the solution. After all, by definition, the supposed flaw is greatly exaggerated within the sufferer’s mind compared to how people view it. Both medications and psychotherapy can help by relieving the basis of the anxiety that drives the vicious loop of hysteria and preoccupation. The goal is to interrupt the cycle of intense specialization in the ‘problem area’ that drives up the anxiety, which only gets reinforced by the relief that constant appearance-checking, seeking reassurance, and cosmetic surgery bring.
Trichotillomania isn’t only a difficult word to pronounce, but it also represents a psychological condition that’s often hard to acknowledge. It’s a disorder where an individual has overwhelming urges to tug the hair from their own body, usually from the scalp, eyebrows, or eyelashes.
Those who experience trichotillomania say there’s escalating tension before pulling, or once they attempt to resist pulling. They feel an enormous relief or maybe a way of delight once they do pull hair out. Some throw the hair away, while some play with or maybe ingest the hair as a part of the pulling ritual. These symptoms can cause problems for people if the hair-pulling leads to noticeable hair loss, if it consumes tons of your time, or if it causes embarrassment that gets within the way of their normal life.
Olivia Munn, Colin Farrell, and Justin Timberlake have all talked publicly about having this disorder. Within the general population, 1 to three percent of individuals have it, and it occurs most frequently in women. It tends to start within the early teens but can continue into adulthood for several years.
Why are some people in danger of developing trichotillomania?
Like many psychological disorders, the solution isn’t straightforward. We do know that folks with a case history of trichotillomania are more likely to possess it themselves, and they’re also more likely than the typical person to possess other anxiety disorders. Experts believe that the pulling of the hair itself could also be how folks deal with stress and negative emotions like loneliness, fatigue, stress, and frustration. The matter is that the relief they feel from pulling makes them roll in the hay more, but also creates shame and guilt, resulting in a cruel cycle.
How trichotillomania is treated:
Habit reversal therapy, when including medication, seems to be the foremost promising treatment to interrupt the cycle.
Negative emotions, and most significantly, difficulty recognizing or dealing with these feelings, are the important fuel for this engine. Within the cases of those little-known anxiety-related disorders, this fuel not only activates the body’s natural anxiety but also takes away our confidence with anxiety and negative emotions. Once we learn to trust ourselves again, we can reclaim our power.